Society of Scholars Inducts New Members
The Society of Scholars was created on the
recommendation of then university President Milton S.
Eisenhower and approved by the board of trustees on May 1,
1967. The society — the first of its kind in the
nation — inducts former postdoctoral fellows and
junior or visiting faculty at Johns Hopkins who have gained
marked distinction in their fields of physical, biological,
medical, social or engineering sciences or in the
humanities and for whom at least five years have elapsed
since their last Johns Hopkins affiliation. The Committee
of the Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars, whose members are
equally distributed among the academic divisions, elects
the scholars from the candidates nominated by the academic
divisions that have programs for postdoctoral fellows.
The scholars elected in 2007 will be invested at a
ceremony hosted by Provost Steven Knapp at 5 p.m. on
Wednesday, May 16, at Evergreen House. At that time, the
new members will be presented with a certificate and a
medallion on a black and gold ribbon to be worn with
academic regalia. The induction — which brings to 506
the total number of members in the Johns Hopkins Society of
Scholars — will be followed by a dinner hosted by
President William R. Brody. The new members will be
recognized at Commencement on May 17.
The following listing of the Society of Scholars
members elected in 2007 is accompanied by a short
description of their accomplishments at the time of their
election to the society.
Kenneth H. Brown, Davis, Calif.
Kenneth Brown has spent his career investigating the
causes, treatment, prevention and complications of
childhood malnutrition in low-income countries, with
particular emphasis on the appropriate feeding of infants
and young children. Now director of the Program in
International and Community Nutrition at the University of
California, Davis, Brown is considered an international
expert in the dietary management of diarrheal diseases and
the role of zinc and other micronutrients in the prevention
and treatment of infection. He came to Johns Hopkins
— and what is now the Bloomberg School of Public
Health — in 1975 and spent three years as a research
associate and clinical fellow in Bangladesh, where his
lifelong interest in childhood nutrition was born. He
continued his work as a faculty member in the Division of
Human Nutrition at Johns Hopkins. Brown is the recipient of
the International Award for Modern Nutrition, the Kellogg
International Nutrition Research Prize and the E.V.
McCollum Award of the American Society of Clinical
Nominator: R. Bradley Sack, professor, Department of
International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Ralph Anthony DeFronzo, San Antonio
Ralph Anthony DeFronzo
During his endocrinology fellowship in the Department
of Medicine from 1971 to 1973 under Reubin Andres, Ralph
DeFronzo published with Andres what turned out to be the
classic paper describing the glucose clamp, a technique
that remains the gold standard for measuring insulin
sensitivity. Building on this early work, DeFronzo has
become without question one of the most prolific and
influential diabetes clinical researchers of his
generation. He is currently professor of medicine and chief
of the Diabetes Division at the University of Texas Health
Science Center at San Antonio and deputy director of the
Texas Diabetes Institute.
Nominator: Christopher D. Saudek, Hugh P. McCormick
Family Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism,
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine.
Raymond Nelson DuBois Jr., Nashville,
Raymond Nelson DuBois Jr.
Raymond DuBois is a major contributor to our knowledge
of the genetic and molecular factors leading to colon
cancer, including our understanding of how nonsteroid
anti-inflammatory drugs offer us protection from developing
the disease. He became interested in this issue during his
1985 fellowship in gastroenterology in the Department of
Medicine under Thomas R. Hendrix and in the Department of
Molecular Biology and Genetic Medicine under Daniel
Nathans. DuBois' research has been applied to the study of
other malignancies involving the esophagus, intestine,
uterus, ovary and prostate. Currently the B.F. Byrd Jr.
Professor of Molecular Oncology and director of the
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center at Vanderbilt University
Medical Center, he will start a new role in September as
provost and executive vice president for academic affairs
at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.
DuBois is also president-elect of the American Association
for Cancer Research.
Nominator: Thomas R. Hendrix, professor emeritus of
gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, School of
Eric R. Fearon, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Eric R. Fearon
Eric Fearon is widely known for his work in human
cancer genetics, particularly investigations of gene
defects that underlie the development and progression of
colon tumors. Currently, he is the Emanuel N. Maisel
Professor of Oncology and professor of internal medicine,
human genetics and pathology at the University of Michigan
School of Medicine; and associate director of basic
research at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer
Center. After receiving his medical and doctoral degrees
from Johns Hopkins under the tutelage of Bert Vogelstein,
he conducted postdoctoral research in the laboratory of Chi
Van Dang, where he developed a system that is now widely
used for the study of protein-protein interactions in
living mammalian cells. Fearon served as president of the
American Society of Clinical Investigation from 2005 to
2006 and sits on numerous medical journal editorial
Nominator: Chi Van Dang, Johns Hopkins Family
Professor for Oncology Research and vice dean for research,
School of Medicine.
Bates Gill, Washington, D.C.
Bates Gill is one of the top-three young scholars of
contemporary Chinese politics and foreign policy in the
Western world. He holds one of the most prestigious endowed
chairs in his field, the Freeman Chair at the Center for
Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C.
After a year as the Fei Yiming Professor of Comparative
Politics at the SAIS Nanjing Center, he went on to become a
prolific scholar of contemporary China, focusing on its
arms control and security concerns, its HIV/AIDS policy and
its relations with the United States. His just-released
book, Rising Star, promises to be a major contribution to
our understanding of China's security behavior.
Nominator: David M. Lampton, George and Sadie Hyman
Chair in Chinese Studies and director of the China Studies
James P. Gills, Tarpon Springs, Fla.
James P. Gills
A prominent figure in American ophthalmology, James
Gills is recognized as one of the nation's most prolific
and innovative anterior segment surgeons. His contributions
include refining local anesthesia techniques for cataract
surgery; refining and advancing small-incision cataract
surgery, which is now the standard of care in the United
States; and studying novel approaches for the delivery of
adjunctive medical therapy in anterior segment surgery.
Gills has been a prolific writer, both in peer-reviewed
ophthalmic literature and on the intersection of
spirituality and medicine. A Johns Hopkins ophthalmology
resident of the Wilmer Institute from 1962 to 1965, he is
currently the founding director of the St. Luke's Cataract
and Laser Institute in Tarpon Springs, Fla. He also has
distinguished himself as a medical philanthropist and has
established a professorship at Johns Hopkins in the name of
Frank Walsh, one of his former professors, and another in
his own name.
Nominator: Peter J. McDonnell, William Holland
Wilmer Professor of Ophthalmology and director of the
Wilmer Eye Institute, School of Medicine.
Yoshi Ichikawa, San Diego
Yoshi Ichikawa is senior director of the Chemistry at
Optimer Pharmaceuticals, where he oversees the application
of innovative sugar-based medicinal chemistry to improve
the properties of drugs. He took on that role after two
stints at Johns Hopkins, in 1987 as a postdoctoral fellow
under Yuan C. Lee in the Krieger School's Department of
Biology and later as an associate professor in the
Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences at the
School of Medicine. There he created new and extremely
powerful inhibitors of glycohydrases, including those
required for sugar metabolism and DNA repair and synthesis.
The practical application of this discovery can be found in
effective therapeutics for bacterial and parasite
Nominator: Yuan C. Lee, professor, Biology
Department, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences.
Malcolm Knight, Basel, Switzerland
Malcolm Knight has the distinction, perhaps uniquely,
of having served as a top administrative officer in three
very different types of financial organizations: a deputy
director of the International Monetary Fund, the
second-ranking officer of the Bank of Canada, and chief
executive officer and general manager of the Bank for
International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland.
Simultaneously, Knight has been a scholar who has applied
economic theory to a lifetime in public service. He has
served as an assistant research director for the
International Monetary Fund's economic development division
and was a member of the editorial board of IMF Papers for
11 years. During that time, he published a number of
important articles in leading economic journals, including
Econometrica. From 1980 to 1996, he was a teacher and
lecturer at the Center for Canadian Studies at SAIS, where
he embodied the idea of "theory applied to policy." On two
separate occasions, his papers on macroeconomics and
exchange rate policy have received major reviews in The
Economist, confirming their significance for global
Nominator: Charles F. Doran, Andrew W. Mellon
Professor of International Studies, SAIS.
Jack Levin, San Francisco
Jack Levin, now a hematologist at the VA Medical
Center in San Francisco and professor of laboratory
medicine and of medicine at the University of California
School of Medicine, joined Johns Hopkins in 1962 as a
fellow and spent 17 years on the faculty. He has made many
contributions to the field, including demonstrating the
association between thrombocytosis and cancer. His most
important medical discovery affects everyone who prescribes
and receives vaccines and injected fluids: He and his Johns
Hopkins colleague Frederick B. Bang discovered that a
horseshoe crab blood product, limulus amebocyte lysate, can
detect minute amounts of endotoxin. This is now the
standard test used to ensure that pharmaceuticals and
medical devices are free of bacterial contamination. The
work represented an early success in the use of marine
biology research to improve human health care.
Nominator: Myron L. Weisfeldt, William Osler
Professor of Medicine and director of the Department of
Medicine, School of Medicine.
Robert M. Naclerio, Chicago
Robert M. Naclerio
Robert Naclerio is an internationally respected
clinician and scientist in the fields of
otolaryngology-head and neck surgery and clinical asthma
and immunology. His work has contributed greatly to our
understanding of inflammatory diseases of the nose and
paranasal sinuses, common disorders that cause substantial
discomfort for patients. His thoughtful approach has
brought clarity to a confusing array of inflammatory
mediators and processes, and his meticulous clinical trials
have helped identify the best treatments. Naclerio trained
at Johns Hopkins as a surgical resident from 1976 to 1978
and as a fellow in the Clinical Immunology Division from
1980 to 1982. Today, he is chief of Otolaryngology-Head and
Neck Surgery at the Pritzker School of Medicine of the
University of Chicago.
Nominator: Lloyd B. Minor, Andelot Professor of
Laryngology and Otology and director of the Department of
Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medicine.
Peter Schlegel, New York
Peter Schlegel has made numerous contributions to the
field of urology since leaving Johns Hopkins in 1989,
having completed his residency in general surgery and
urology. He is a member of all major urologic societies in
North America, and in 2005 he received membership in the
prestigious Clinical Society of Genitourinary Surgeons. He
serves on the examination committee of the American Board
of Urology, is co-editor of Journal of Andrology and
section editor of British Journal of Urology, and is a
reviewer for all major urologic journals in North America
and Europe. Currently, he is senior scientist at the
Population Council in New York and chairman of the
Department of Urology at the New York Presbyterian
Hospital-Weill Medical College of Cornell University.
Nominator: John P. Gearhart, professor, Department
of Urology, School of Medicine.
Sangram Sisodia, Chicago
The Thomas Reynolds Sr. Family Professor of
Neurosciences and director of the Center for Molecular
Neurobiology at the University of Chicago, Sangram Sisodia
has spent much of his career trying to untangle the knotty
biology of familial Alzheimer's disease. A molecular
biologist by training, Sisodia, with his team, has used a
combination of genetic, molecular, cellular and
neurobiological approaches to clarify the biology of
proteins critically implicated in this devastating disease
that affects 7 percent of people over the age of 65 and 40
percent of those ages 80 and older. In addition, he has
contributed significantly to the development of transgenic
mice that exhibit features of the human disease and has
trained a new cohort of outstanding young scientists who
are active in this field. Before joining the University of
Chicago, Sisodia was a professor of pathology and
neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins University School of
Nominator: Donald L. Price, professor, Department of
Pathology, School of Medicine.
George Arthur Spirou, Morgantown, W.
George Arthur Spirou
George Spirou is a leader in the field of auditory
neuroscience. His postdoctoral fellowship in biomedical
engineering at Johns Hopkins in 1990 under Eric D. Young
coincided with the formation of the university's Center for
Hearing and Balance, a cross-disciplinary effort
encouraging collaborations in biomedical engineering and
otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. He went on to
re-create that model at West Virginia University, where he
has led a 15-year expansion of its programs, achieving
national prominence in audition, vision and neuroimaging.
Today, Spirou is the director of research in
otolaryngology, director of the Sensory Neuroscience
Research Center and director of the Center for Neuroscience
at West Virginia University.
Nominators: Murray B. Sachs, Bessie Darling Massey
Professor and chair of Biomedical Engineering, School of
Medicine; and Lloyd B. Minor, Andelot Professor of
Laryngology and Otology and chair of the Department of
Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of
Daniel Sulmasy, New York
A Franciscan friar as well as a practicing internist,
Daniel Sulmasy is a nationally recognized authority on
medical ethics, with a special interest in end-of-life
issues, ethics education and spirituality in medicine. He
holds the Sisters of Charity Chair in Ethics and is the
chairman of the John J. Conley Department of Ethics at St.
Vincent's Hospital in Manhattan, where he also is an
attending physician. He serves as professor of medicine and
is director of the Bioethics Institute of New York Medical
College. In 2005, Sulmasy was appointed to the New York
State Task Force on Life and the Law. He is editor in chief
of the journal Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. The
author of four books, he served as an intern and resident
in, and assistant chief of, the Osler Medical Service of
the Department of Medicine at Johns Hopkins under the
tutelage of both Victor McKusick and John Stobo.
Nominator: Eric B. Bass, professor, Department of
Medicine, School of Medicine.
Robert Ingersoll White Jr., New Haven,
Robert Ingersoll White Jr.
Robert White is an innovator, scholar, teacher and
visionary in the fields of radiology and cardiology. He
spent his early medical career at Johns Hopkins and is now
professor of diagnostic radiology and director of the
Vascular Malformation Center at Yale University School of
Medicine. White is credited with developing four new
techniques in interventional radiology and was part of the
team of Johns Hopkins physicians who performed the first
pulmonary valvuloplasty, a procedure to widen a stiff or
narrowed heart valve. His pioneering work in using various
interventional techniques to treat malformations of the
pulmonary artery, as well as a rare genetic disorder of the
blood vessels, has led to the development of 20 centers all
over the world dedicated to helping patients manage the
devastating disease. White also is credited with
transforming the subspecialty of interventional radiology
through pioneering the introduction of direct patient
admissions, the use of midlevel practitioners and taking
responsibility for a more complete spectrum of patient
care. In addition, White lectures nationally and
internationally, and has helped to train more than 160
fellows in interventional radiology.
Nominator: Jonathan S. Lewin, Martin Donner
Professor of Radiology and chair of the Russell H. Morgan
Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, School of
Huntington Faxon Willard, Durham, N.C.
Huntington Faxon Willard
Huntington Willard has spent his career delving into
the genetic secrets of human health and disease using new
genetic and genomic techniques and human molecular
genetics. He began his landmark studies at Johns Hopkins,
where he was a postdoctoral fellow under the aegis of Kirby
Smith. Currently at Duke University, Willard is the
Nanaline H. Duke Professor of Genome Sciences, vice
chancellor of Genome Sciences and director of the Institute
for Genome Sciences and Policy. His research team has
delved deeply into the mechanisms that cells use to switch
off various genes on the X chromosome, a process necessary
for normal development and whose malfunction results in a
host of genetic disorders. His research has altered our
view of how chromosomal function is coded and how this
knowledge can be used both to understand cancer and to
provide the next generation of gene delivery using
Nominator: Aravinda Chakravarti, Henry J. Knott
Professor and former director of the McKusick-Nathans
Institute of Genetic Medicine, School of Medicine.
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