Weekly Seminar: Fall 2012
Speaker: Cristian Constantin Lalescu (AMS | JHU)
Title: "Synchronization of Chaos and the Smallest Turbulent Eddy"
Date: Friday, September 28, 2012
Time: 11:00 a.m.
Location: Gilman Hall 50 (Marjorie M. Fisher Hall)
Although chaotic dynamics are famously unpredictable, their evolution can --- somewhat surprisingly --- be recovered in all detail from only partial observations. This is possible due to the phenomenon of Chaos Synchronization (CS), a process wherein two or more chaotic systems adjust a given property of their motion to a common behavior, due to a coupling or to a forcing.
Turbulence is a specific type of chaotic motion of a fluid, and it is not yet fully understood; a defining characteristic is that it involves fluctuations on a wide range of scales. Presently, one of the outstanding problems in the field is determining what is the length-scale of the smallest turbulent eddies. The Kolmogorov 1941 theory makes a specific prediction, but accumulated experimental and numerical evidence suggests that fluid turbulence develops scales considerably smaller than the Kolmogorov length.
We present our observation of CS in numerical simulations of fluid turbulence, and we discuss how this phenomenon can be exploited in a spacetime database of hydrodynamic turbulence to study the problem of the smallest turbulent eddy. This has some relevance to the Clay Millenium Prize Problem about the regularity of solutions of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation.
Lalescu received his bachelor's degree (in physics) from the University of Craiova (Romania) in 2006. He then spent a year at Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium) through a student exchange program. In 2007 he started his PhD with one advisor (Daniele Carati) from Universite Libre de Bruxelles and one advisor from the University of Craiova (Bucur Dan Grecu), in a joint program between the two universities.
The public defense of his thesis was on the 1st of July 2011, in Craiova, the title being "Test Particle Transport in Turbulent Magnetohydrodynamic Structures". Lalescu came to Johns Hopkins University as a postdoc, where he is working with Gregory Eyink (and others), as part of the Turbulence Database Group. He is currently working on simulations of incompressible Navier-Stokes turbulence, refinement of a Navier-Stokes solution, and particle transport in incompressible magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.