Howard Francis M.D.
Howard Francis was born in Montego Bay Jamaica where he completed his secondary education before moving to Los Angeles, California. He graduated with a BS in Chemistry from the Univeristy of Southern California and then studied medicine at Harvard Medical School in the Harvard-M.I.T. division of Health, Science and Technology.
Howard's interest in synaptic structure and cochlear innervation emerged while at Harvard, where he studied the ultrastructure of outer hair cell innervation in the chimpanzee with Joseph B. Nadol, Jr., M.D. He pursued specialty training in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at Johns Hopkins Univeristy where he also completed a fellowship in Neurotology. During his residency and fellowship training he conducted electrophysiologic studies of neural properties in the deafferented cochlear nucleus and synaptic transmission in the dorsal cochlear nucleus with Dr. Paul Manis.
Howard has more recently returned to his initial interest in cochlear innervation and is examining how changes in synaptic morphology and inner hair cell innervation affect auditory function in mouse models of hearing loss. He is married with 2 children, and enjoys singing and playing the African drums.