Hopkins In Egypt Today

In the Microbus   Tuna el Gebel

Today we're heading to two major sites in Middle Egypt - Tuna el Gebel, a cemetery associated with the great region of Hermopolis, ancient Khemnu or Shmun, where the god Thoth was venerated. In the Late Period, particularly after 700 B.C., the cemetery accommodated both the priests of Thoth's cult and also the great catacombs for mummified ibises and baboons. Those catacombs contained animals offered as gifts to the gods by worshipers desiring their favor. The ibises and baboons were kept and raised at the site and then killed and prepared for dedication. In the microbus as we take off are Lori, Sarah, Emily, and Adam.

Tomb of Petorsiris

The most prominent tomb at Tuna el Gebel is that of Petosiris, whose priesthood spanned the middle of the 4 th century B.C. in a brief period when native Egyptian rulers governed as the 30 th Dynasty, in the waning years before Alexander the Great conquered Egypt.

Tomb Scene Showing Workshop

The remarkable carved relief at Petosiris combines Egyptian motifs with classical style and details. Some of the scenes are traditionally Egyptian in type and rendering, but others, as here, show Egyptians in classical styled tunics but with elegantly carved hieroglyphic inscriptions. Here is a workshop scene where the craftsmen were making Aegean styled rhytons.

Lori at Tombs of Beni Hasan   Entering a Tomb

Lori is beckoning us to the tombs of Beni Hasan. This magnificent cemetery is located atop a limestone cliff on the east side of the river and nearly opposite Hermopolis. The mayors of the ancient nome (equivalent to a state) of the Oryx placed their tombs here in the late Third Millennium B.C. and the early Second.

Katie in the Tomb of Khety   Scene Showing Granaries

Katie is so excited, because on the walls of the tomb of Khety is a large granary beautifully painted. Since she excavated two granaries for us in 2003 and 2004, Katie has written a fine thesis on the Mut Temple grain storage facilities and is now collecting them.

Sarah and Adam Reading Guidebook   Katie Pointing Out the Granaries

Sarah and Adam read the guidebook together and then search for the scenes described there. They are the "Near Eastern Archaeologists", so we Egyptologists are happy that they are so interested. In the other picture, Katie points out her granaries to us all: Sharon Nichols, a student from University of Memphis and joining us for the trip, Betsy, Lori, and Jeremy. We all have our own areas of expertise, and that's one of the great aspects of undergraduate and graduate research.

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