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Elaine's Square
Elaine’s square early this morning shows clearly the hard floor on which the stamped brick of Menkheperre was found. The brick scatter is apparent from the lighter color on the floor, and the round structure in the corner also stands out well. As said yesterday, this is a house or installation of the Twenty-first Dynasty or later, but cut into the earlier enclosure wall. Areas of black indicate organic and fired surfaces in the room.
Adjacent Trench
Elaine’s other trench shows the interesting round storage or work containers found within them. We will have to reassess the date of these based on the pottery from separate parts of the square. Their connection to the wall in the foreground needs to be reexamined. See further re J.J. and Fatma’s squares.
View of Ramesses III Temple
A view of the Ramesses III temple, in the back room of which, under the floor, we have found the pieces of the life sized statue of Ramesses III himself. This temple was built around 1180 B.C. and appears to be dedicated to a creator form of the god Amun – a form associated with the god Min of Coptos who was always shown ithyphallic. A cult of Osiris seems also to have taken place in the temple.
JJ amd Fatma's Trenches
J.J. and Fatma have worked hard to understand the architecture in their two trenches on the east side behind the Sacred Lake. A broad brick structure appears in both squares, and J.J. has now determined that they are part of a single large feature. This large wall has been found here near its lowest border, and J.J. and Fatma have discovered a number of occupation areas that relate to the platform-like brick. As in the case of Elaine’s square to the west, where the wall is preserved to a much great depth and a much higher altitude, the large brick wall is likely the remainder of an earlier enclosure wall of the temple, and it has been cut into in various places and at a number of time periods. Even animal tunneling appears to be in evidence. We are finding interesting evidence of the uses made of this brick enclosure after it had been supplanted by another larger and more southern wall. We will need to reconsider all the walls we have encountered, however, in order to sort out the confusing juxtapositions of materials under the wall versus cut into the wall.
Violaine and Elizabeth's Trench
In Violaine and Elizabeth’s square there is yellow degraded sandstone running down the center of the trench. This is most welcome to us, since it certainly represents the remains of the original Eighteenth Dynasty paving leading out of the gateway towards the east. The actual paving stones may be partially represented by those you see on the right of the square, in a heap and could have been pulled out at a time when the brick wall were set in. Since all the pottery in this trench has been very late in date, it is likely the area was kept clean of occupation material until the gateway was out of use entirely, perhaps as late as the Ptolemaic era.
View Across the Sacred Lake to the Temple of Mut
Looking back across the very special Sacred Lake at the rear of the Temple of Mut. It is the end of the day, and the light again becomes soft. Jay’s photograph shows you why this place is so alluring.

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